Human anotomy request for information?
a jogger has stepped within a pothole and sprained his ankle. what organ systems(more than one) have suffered overexploit. explain you answer please.
Ahhh well!... another one brings her homework to yahooo!
pertaining to the answer, i do agree near curious' views on this one.. for if it be to be a fracture , it is unlikely to be a sprain!
"A sprain (from the French espraindre - to wring) is an injury which occurs to ligaments cause by a sudden overstretching (for the muscle injury , see strain). The ligament is usually only stretched, but sometimes it can be snapped, slightly torn, or ruptured, adjectives of which are more serious and require longer to heal."
A sprained ankle is a thoroughly common injury . Approximately 25,000 family experience it each time. A sprained ankle can happen to athletes and non-athletes, children and adults. It can come to pass when you take portion in sports and physical fitness actions. It can also happen when you simply step on an toothed surface, or step down at an angle.
The ligaments of the ankle hold the ankle bones and joint contained by position. They protect the ankle joint from nonstandard movements-especially twisting, turning, and rolling of the foot.
A ligament is an elastic structure . Ligaments usually stretch inside their limits, and consequently go final to their normal positions. When a ligament is forced to stretch beyond its run of the mill range, a sprain occur. A severe sprain causes actual tear of the elastic fibers.
Ankle sprains evolve when the foot twists, rolls or turns beyond its normal motions. A great force is transmitted upon landing. You can sprain your ankle if the foot is planted disproportionately on a surface, beyond the normal force of stepping. This cause the ligaments to stretch beyond their normal continuum in an phenomenal position.
Mechanism of injury
If there is a severe in-turning or out-turning of the foot relative to the ankle, the forces grounds the ligaments to stretch beyond their normal length. If the force is too strong, the ligaments can slash. You may lose your balance when your foot is placed inequitably on the ground. You may fall and be powerless to stand on that foot. When excessive force is applied to the ankle's soft tissue structures, you may even hear a "pop." Pain and swelling result.
The amount of force determines the grade of the sprain. A mild sprain is a Grade 1. A moderate sprain is a Grade 2. A severe strain is a Grade 3. (See Table 1.)
Grade 1 sprain: Slight stretching and some impair to the fibers (fibrils) of the ligament.
Grade 2 sprain: Partial tearing of the ligament. If the ankle pooled is examined and moved in solid ways, abnormal looseness (laxity) of the ankle collective occurs.
Grade 3 sprain: Complete shred of the ligament. If the examiner pulls or pushes on the ankle joint surrounded by certain movements, gross instability occur.
Now, let's look at the structural injuries caused by the sprain-
musculoskeletal system- ligaments: if it a lateral strain, cause by intwisting of the ankle, then the predictable ligaments injured are the lateral collateral ligament and the spring ligament.
whereas, if the ankle gets twisted inwards, the feasible ligament injured would be the medial collateral ligament of the foot.
muscle injuries could occur to the peroneus longus and tertius.
the skin(integumentary system) could seize bruised/ruptured .
localised blood vessels/microvasculature( cardiovascular system) could be damaged resulting within extensive bruising.. specially if the posterior tibial artery is injured around the lateral malleolus of the ankle.
Nerve damages(nervous system) could involve the common peroneal resolve or the anterior tibial nerve.
that's something like all that should be dog-eared in a foot sprain...ideally!
hope that finds you all right!!
and ions are involved in transporting several electrically charged fuids contained by and out of our cells...the cell membrane and the fluid inside the cell contains several ionic charges..read more roughly it.. for it is a topic that cannot be elaborated over a few lines... perfect luck!..
the body's a wonderworld (dunno who sang that)!!
Definitely the musculoskeletal system, probably the vascular system (blood vessels surrounded by the area), and possibly the integumentary system (skin).
Skeletal-damage to ligaments and perhaps bone
Musclular-trauma to muscles and tendons to the nouns
Vascular-vessles were probally damages,esp if bruise forms
Nervous?-could own possibly twisted or compressed nerves in the nouns.
Integument?-are there any cuts or scratch on him
Certainly the body's largest organ, its skin may be damaged. Followed my the muscular-skeletal system, where on earth muscles are perhaps strained, pulled, or possibly even torn. The vascular system will undoubtedly be involved, specifically evidenced by bruising.
The swelling is caused by the body's crude defense mechanism to protect the injured nouns. Extra blood, body fluids, and the muscle becoming larger because of this is what swelling is. The area will also become stove due to the extra blood flow.
If it is a severely damaged ankle the nerves contained by the surrounding area could be artificial, but that is outstandingly improbable.
If a bone is diluted, then it is no longer considered a sprain and this can be eliminate as a source of problem.
I do not think an "organ system" is qualified here. Traditionally, an organ is an intention that performs a function although the vascular system within the area as okay as the neurological aspects of the local area may own been dilapidated. Also, there may own been some muscle plunder, but on a local basis, they do not qualify to be term an "organ".
Every system including cardiovascular , respiratory and fidgety system are effected. Skin ,muscles,bones,ligaments, are also effect. Digestive and genito urinary system are least effect.It is he ankle of a whole human individual , not human being`s single ankle that suffers.